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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

258                                    FLORA INDICA.                    \Fumariace(B\
tains its maximum in point of development of species in the Himalaya, is far from
rich in generic forms in that country. Its affinities we conceive to be undoubtedly
with Papaveraeea, under which it is included by Endlicher as a suborder. From
that Order, however, the majority differ remarkably in their irregular perianth, defi-
nite diadelphous stamens, two of which in each bundle have one-celled anthers, and
in their arillate seeds. The curioos genus Hypecoum combines both Orders, having
unequal petals, but together forming a nearly regular corolla, and free stamens.
Some remarks on the affinities of the Order, as indicated by the structure of Hyye-
cownt will be found under that genus.
1. FUMARIA, L.
Sepala 2. Petala 4, ringentia, anticuin carinatum, posticum obtuse
calcaratum, cum 2 lateralibus interioribus inferne coalitum. Stamina
6, diadelpha. Ovulitm'l, parietale. -S^fo* deciduus. Stig'dia biparti-
tum. Fnictus carnosus, demunrsiccus, subglobosus. Semen reniforme,
opacuin, umbilico nudo.—Herboe, foliis mul£ifidU9 floribus racemosis.
We agree with Bcntham in considering that most of the numerous European forms
of Fumaria, includiug fr parvijlora, Lam., m.iy be reduced to one variable plant,
J*. (rffieinaHs, L., which, with larger or smaller flowers, variously cut leaves, an erect
or decumbent habit, large or small, more or less cut sepals, and very many forms of
fruit, frequents waste places throughout Europe and a great part of temperate Asia.
The only Indian state of the plant abounds in waste places, corn-fields, etc., and
differs in no respect from' the form that bears the same name in Europe.
1. P. parviflora (Lam. Diet. ii. 567).
Var. Faillantii; foliorum laciniis lincaribua planis, bracteis pecli-
cellum fnictifcrum fere seqnantibus, sepalis parvia potalis muftoties
migustioribus, fructu globoso laevi.—P. Vailhmtii, LolwL Not. 102;
DO. 8y*t. ii. 137. 1\ pnrviflora, WigU et Am. Proof. 18 ; W\gU> £11
Gen. 1.11; 3o*&. Fl. Ltd. iii. 217 ; Wall. Cat. 14-36!; Led. M. Ross.
i. 105.
HAB. In India extratropica in plaaitie et montibiis subtropicis vul-
garis (in Sikkim non occurrit). la peninsulse montibus temperatis:
Nilghiri, Wight I et in montibus Afghanistan, Griffith !—(FL hieme ei
vcre.) («. v.)
DISTHIB. Europa ct Asia tcmperata ct calidior.
Caulis diffuse ramosus, spithaanscus v. 2-peJalis,   Folia multifida.
2. CORYDALIS, DC.
jSepala 2, decidua, plerumque squamulfeformia, JPttafa 4, anticum
planum y. concavum, posticum basi gibbum r. calcaratara, £ latcralia
int^riora antiou tfubconformia, Slawina 6, diadelpha, syuemate pos-
tlco extus basi processu calcariformi aucto. Omda juxta placentas in-
tervalvuiares plurima. Stigwa biiobum. Captuta siliquosa, bivalvis^
valvis a replo persistente placentifero solutis. Semina lentioularia,
yostellata, arillo carnosulo v. 0. Embryo Iinearis> brevfs.—Herto erecta,
foliis caulinis. interdum oppositis, floribus ractmosis.
Corydalis is one of the few genera containing many species which we have, hiUwrto.